As of January 10, 2023, CISA will no longer be updating ICS security advisories for Siemens product vulnerabilities beyond the initial advisory. For the most up-to-date information on vulnerabilities in this advisory, please see Siemens' ProductCERT Security Advisories (CERT Services | Services | Siemens Global). 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY CVSS v3 8.8 ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity Vendor: Siemens Equipment: RUGGEDCOM CROSSBOW Vulnerabilities: Missing Authorization, SQL Injection 2. RISK EVALUATION Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow authenticated remote attackers to access restricted data or execute arbitrary database queries via an SQL injection attack. 3. TECHNICAL DETAILS 3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS The following software from Siemens is affected: Siemens RUGGEDCOM CROSSBOW: All versions prior to V5.3 3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW 3.2.1 MISSING AUTHORIZATION CWE-862 In the affected application, the client query handler fails to check for proper permissions for specific read queries. This could allow authenticated remote attackers to access restricted data. CVE-2023-27462 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 3.1 has been assigned. The CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:N/A:N). 3.2.2 IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89 In affected applications, the audit log form is vulnerable to SQL injection. This could allow authenticated remote attackers to execute arbitrary SQL queries on the server database. CVE-2023-27463 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been assigned. The CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H). 3.3 BACKGROUND CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Multiple COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany 3.4 RESEARCHER Siemens reported these vulnerabilities to CISA. Cameron Whitehead from RISES Center at UCF reported the vulnerability CVE-2023-27463 to Siemens. 4. MITIGATIONS Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce risk: RUGGEDCOM CROSSBOW: Update to V5.3 or later version As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. To operate devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens' operational guidelines for Industrial Security. Additional information on Industrial Security by Siemens can be found at the Siemens website. For more information, see the associated Siemens security advisory SSA-320629 in HTML and CSAF. CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should: Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure they are not accessible from the Internet. Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolate them from business networks. When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as its connected devices. CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures. CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies. Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies. Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents. No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.