|Article No°||Product Name||Affected Version(s)|
|cabinet c520||V01.07.00.2757 < V01.08.01.3021|
|cabinet c550||V01.07.00.2757 < V01.08.01.3021|
|cabinet c750||V01.07.00.2757 < V01.08.01.3021|
The machine controller of the cabinet series include an OPC-UA server which uses an user management to authenticate clients via anonymous or user/password authentication. If the user/password authentication is selected, password verification is skipped upon second login. As a result, cases occur in which users can establish communication without correct authentication. This vulnerability is not located in the OPC-UA protocol or server, but in the interface to the products firmware.
This Security Advisory is only relevant for the following use cases:
• the user management has been activated on the machine controller (is deactivated by default)
• the OPC-UA Server is used
• Data are transferred via a symbol configuration (is not available by default)
Multiple Lenze products of the cabinet series skip the password verification upon second login. After a user has been logged on to the device once, a remote attacker can get full access without knowledge of the password.
The exploitation of the missing critical step in authentication may result in unauthorized use of the OPC-UA interface.
As part of a security strategy, Lenze SE recommends the following general defense measures to reduce the risk of exploits:
• Only use the products in a protected and controlled environment to minimize network impact and to ensure that they are inaccessible from outside.
• Use external firewalls to protect the automation system network and to separate it from other networks. Remark: One Measure should be to block port 4840 via the external firewall and open this port for authenticated access only.
• Use Virtual Private Networks (VPN) tunnels when remote access is required.
• Use IDS (Intrusion Detection Systems) where possible to detect anomalies in the network.
• Activate and use user administration and password functions.
• Use encrypted communication links.
• Restrict access to both the development tools and their projects and the products of the automation system by physical means, operating system functions, etc.
• Protect the development tool by using the latest virus detection solutions.
• Use of certificate-based communication via the message security modes Sign or Sign&Encrypt and trust of the corresponding client certificates on the machine controller by the OPC-UA server. This can reduce the risk of exploiting this vulnerability.
Install version V01.08.01.3021, which solves the identified security vulnerability.
CERT@VDE coordinated with LENZE