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ID

VDE-2020-032

Published

2020-09-09 08:23 (CEST)

Last update

2020-09-09 08:23 (CEST)

Vendor(s)

WAGO GmbH & Co. KG

Product(s)

Article No┬░ Product Name Affected Version(s)
e!COCKPIT engineering software installation bundles < V1.8

Summary

Multiple vulnerabilties were reported in WIBU-SYSTEMS Codemeter. WIBU-SYSTEMS Codemeter is installed by default during e!COCKPIT installation. All currently existing e!COCKPIT installation bundles contain vulnerable versions of WIBU-SYSTEMS Codemeter.

Vulnerabilities



Last Update
March 3, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Weakness
Buffer Access with Incorrect Length Value (CWE-805)
Summary

Multiple memory corruption vulnerabilities exist in CodeMeter (All versions prior to 7.10) where the packet parser mechanism does not verify length fields. An attacker could send specially crafted packets to exploit these vulnerabilities.

Last Update
Oct. 6, 2020, 8:19 p.m.
Weakness
Inadequate Encryption Strength (CWE-326)
Summary

Protocol encryption can be easily broken for CodeMeter (All versions prior to 6.90 are affected, including Version 6.90 or newer only if CodeMeter Runtime is running as server) and the server accepts external connections, which may allow an attacker to remotely communicate with the CodeMeter API.

Last Update
Oct. 6, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Weakness
Improper Resource Shutdown or Release (CWE-404)
Summary

An attacker could send a specially crafted packet that could have CodeMeter (All versions prior to 7.10) send back packets containing data from the heap.

Last Update
March 3, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Weakness
Origin Validation Error (CWE-346)
Summary

This vulnerability allows an attacker to use the internal WebSockets API for CodeMeter (All versions prior to 7.00 are affected, including Version 7.0 or newer with the affected WebSockets API still enabled. This is especially relevant for systems or devices where a web browser is used to access a web server) via a specifically crafted Java Script payload, which may allow alteration or creation of license files for when combined with CVE-2020-14515.

Last Update
Oct. 6, 2020, 8:19 p.m.
Weakness
Improper Input Validation (CWE-20)
Summary

CodeMeter (All versions prior to 6.81) and the software using it may crash while processing a specifically crafted license file due to unverified length fields.

Last Update
Oct. 6, 2020, 8:19 p.m.
Weakness
Improper Verification of Cryptographic Signature (CWE-347)
Summary

CodeMeter (All versions prior to 6.90 when using CmActLicense update files with CmActLicense Firm Code) has an issue in the license-file signature checking mechanism, which allows attackers to build arbitrary license files, including forging a valid license file as if it were a valid license file of an existing vendor. Only CmActLicense update files with CmActLicense Firm Code are affected.

Impact

WAGO controllers and IO-Devices are not affected by WIBU-SYSTEMS Codemeter vulnerabilities.
However, due to compatibility reasons to the 3S Codesys Store, the e!COCKPIT engineering software is bundled with a WIBU-SYSTEMS Codemeter installation.

Solution

Solution
We strongly encourage e!COCKPIT users to update WIBU-SYSTEMS Codemeter by installing the latest available stand-alone WIBU-SYSTEMS Codemeter Version.
During the WIBU-SYSTEMS Codemeter installation process, refer to the recommended setup settings according to the WIBU-SYSTEMS advisories, a brief summary is provided in the chapter mitigation. Please check for updates and details that may not be included in this document.
WAGO will provide an updated e!COCKPIT setup routine with the latest WIBU-SYSTEMS Codemeter version approximately in Q4/2020.

Mitigation

  1. Use general security best practices to protect systems from local and network attacks.
  2. Disable the WIBU-SYSTEMS CodeMeter Runtime WebSockets API.
  3. Run WIBU-SYSTEMS CodeMeter only as client and use localhost as binding for the WIBU-SYSTEMS CodeMeter communication. If you need to operate WIBU-SYSTEMS CodeMeter Runtime as Network License Server please make sure that it is operated in a secure environment.

For further impact information and risk mitigation, please refer to the official WIBU-SYSTEMS Advisory Website at https://www.wibu.com/support/security-advisories.html.
Further details on the corresponding CVEs can be obtained here:
https://www.wibu.com/fileadmin/wibu_downloads/security_advisories/Advisory_WIBU-200521-01.pdf
https://www.wibu.com/fileadmin/wibu_downloads/security_advisories/Advisory_WIBU-200521-02.pdf https://www.wibu.com/fileadmin/wibu_downloads/security_advisories/Advisory_WIBU-200521-03.pdf https://www.wibu.com/fileadmin/wibu_downloads/security_advisories/Advisory_WIBU-200521-04.pdf https://www.wibu.com/fileadmin/wibu_downloads/security_advisories/Advisory_WIBU-200521-05.pdf
https://www.wibu.com/fileadmin/wibu_downloads/security_advisories/Advisory_WIBU-200521-06.pdf

Reported by

Sharon Brizinov and Tal Keren of Claroty
WIBU-Systems
Coordinated by CERT@VDE, CISA and BSI