Share: Email | Twitter

ID

VDE-2021-050

Published

2021-11-16 12:02 (CET)

Last update

2021-11-16 12:02 (CET)

Vendor(s)

WAGO GmbH & Co. KG

Product(s)

Article No┬░ Product Name Affected Version(s)
750-331 <= FW16
750-332 <= FW09
750-352/xxx-xxx <= FW16
750-362/xxx-xxx <= FW09
750-363/xxx-xxx <= FW09
750-364/xxx-xxx <= FW09
750-365/xxx-xxx <= FW09
750-823 <= FW09
750-829 <= FW16
750-831/000-00x <= FW14
750-832/000-00x <= FW09
750-852 <= FW16
750-862 <= FW09
750-880/0xx-xxx <= FW16
750-881 <= FW16
750-882 <= FW16
750-885/0xx-xxx <= FW16
750-889 <= FW16
750-890/0xx-xxx <= FW09
750-891 <= FW09
750-893 <= FW09

Summary

Multiple vulnerabilities were reported in the Nucleus Real-Time Operating System (RTOS). The Nucleus RTOS is an essential component in several WAGO PLCs and fieldbus coupler. WAGO uses older Versions of the Nucleus RTOS also in legacy products.

For additional information please consult the official Siemens advisory:

• Advisory SSA-044112

Vulnerabilities



Last Update
Nov. 17, 2022, 1:09 p.m.
Weakness
Improper Null Termination (CWE-170)
Summary

FTP server does not properly validate the length of the “USER” command, leading to stack-based
buffer overflows. This may result in Denial-of-Service conditions and Remote Code Execution.

Last Update
Nov. 17, 2022, 1:09 p.m.
Weakness
Improper Null Termination (CWE-170)
Summary

The DHCP client application assumes that the data supplied with the “Hostname” DHCP option is
NULL terminated. In cases when global hostname variable is not defined, this may lead to Out-ofbound reads, writes, and Denial-of-service conditions.

Last Update
Nov. 17, 2022, 1:09 p.m.
Weakness
Improper Validation of Specified Quantity in Input (CWE-1284)
Summary
A vulnerability has been identified in APOGEE MBC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MBC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE PXC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Compact (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), APOGEE PXC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Modular (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), Capital VSTAR (All versions with enabled Ethernet options), Desigo PXC00-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC00-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC001-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC100-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC12-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC128-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC200-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC36.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC50-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC64-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXM20-E (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Nucleus NET (All versions), Nucleus ReadyStart V3 (All versions < V2017.02.4), Nucleus ReadyStart V4 (All versions < V4.1.1), Nucleus Source Code (All versions), PLUSCONTROL 1st Gen (All versions), SIMOTICS CONNECT 400 (All versions < V0.5.0.0), TALON TC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), TALON TC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4). The total length of an ICMP payload (set in the IP header) is unchecked. This may lead to various side effects, including Information Leak and Denial-of-Service conditions, depending on the network buffer organization in memory. (FSMD-2021-0007)
Last Update
Nov. 17, 2022, 1:09 p.m.
Weakness
Improper Handling of Inconsistent Structural Elements (CWE-240)
Summary
A vulnerability has been identified in APOGEE MBC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MBC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE PXC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Compact (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), APOGEE PXC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Modular (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), Capital VSTAR (All versions with enabled Ethernet options), Desigo PXC00-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC00-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC001-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC100-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC12-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC128-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC200-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC36.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC50-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC64-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXM20-E (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Nucleus NET (All versions), Nucleus ReadyStart V3 (All versions < V2017.02.4), Nucleus ReadyStart V4 (All versions < V4.1.1), Nucleus Source Code (All versions), PLUSCONTROL 1st Gen (All versions), SIMOTICS CONNECT 400 (All versions < V0.5.0.0), TALON TC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), TALON TC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4). The total length of an TCP payload (set in the IP header) is unchecked. This may lead to various side effects, including Information Leak and Denial-of-Service conditions, depending on the network buffer organization in memory. (FSMD-2021-0017)
Last Update
Nov. 17, 2022, 1:09 p.m.
Weakness
Improper Validation of Specified Quantity in Input (CWE-1284)
Summary
A vulnerability has been identified in APOGEE MBC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MBC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE PXC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Compact (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), APOGEE PXC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Modular (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), Capital VSTAR (All versions with enabled Ethernet options), Desigo PXC00-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC00-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC001-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC100-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC12-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC128-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC200-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC36.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC50-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC64-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXM20-E (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Nucleus NET (All versions), Nucleus ReadyStart V3 (All versions < V2017.02.4), Nucleus Source Code (All versions), PLUSCONTROL 1st Gen (All versions), TALON TC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), TALON TC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4). The total length of an UDP payload (set in the IP header) is unchecked. This may lead to various side effects, including Information Leak and Denial-of-Service conditions, depending on a user-defined applications that runs on top of the UDP protocol. (FSMD-2021-0006)
Last Update
Nov. 17, 2022, 1:09 p.m.
Weakness
Integer Underflow (Wrap or Wraparound) (CWE-191)
Summary
A vulnerability has been identified in APOGEE MBC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MBC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE PXC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Compact (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), APOGEE PXC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Modular (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), Capital VSTAR (All versions with enabled Ethernet options), Desigo PXC00-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC00-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC001-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC100-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC12-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC128-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC200-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC36.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC50-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC64-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXM20-E (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Nucleus NET (All versions), Nucleus ReadyStart V3 (All versions < V2017.02.4), Nucleus Source Code (All versions), PLUSCONTROL 1st Gen (All versions), SIMOTICS CONNECT 400 (All versions < V0.5.0.0), TALON TC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), TALON TC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4). Malformed TCP packets with a corrupted SACK option leads to Information Leaks and Denial-of-Service conditions. (FSMD-2021-0015)
Last Update
Nov. 17, 2022, 1:09 p.m.
Weakness
Improper Null Termination (CWE-170)
Summary

FTP server does not properly validate the length of the “PWD/XPWD” command, leading to stackbased buffer overflows. This may result in Denial-of-Service conditions and Remote Code Execution.

Last Update
Nov. 17, 2022, 1:09 p.m.
Weakness
Improper Null Termination (CWE-170)
Summary

FTP server does not properly validate the length of the “MKD/XMKD” command, leading to stackbased buffer overflows. This may result in Denial-of-Service conditions and Remote Code Execution.

Last Update
Nov. 17, 2022, 1:09 p.m.
Weakness
Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer (CWE-119)
Summary
A vulnerability has been identified in APOGEE MBC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MBC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE PXC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Compact (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), APOGEE PXC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Modular (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), Capital VSTAR (All versions with enabled Ethernet options), Desigo PXC00-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC00-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC001-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC100-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC12-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC128-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC200-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC36.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC50-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC64-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXM20-E (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Nucleus NET (All versions), Nucleus ReadyStart V3 (All versions < V2017.02.4), Nucleus Source Code (All versions), TALON TC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), TALON TC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4). The DHCP client application does not validate the length of the Domain Name Server IP option(s) (0x06) when processing DHCP ACK packets. This may lead to Denial-of-Service conditions. (FSMD-2021-0011)
Last Update
Nov. 17, 2022, 1:09 p.m.
Weakness
Out-of-bounds Read (CWE-125)
Summary
A vulnerability has been identified in APOGEE MBC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MBC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE PXC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Compact (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), APOGEE PXC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Modular (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), Capital VSTAR (All versions with enabled Ethernet options), Desigo PXC00-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC00-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC001-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC100-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC12-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC128-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC200-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC36.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC50-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC64-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXM20-E (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Nucleus NET (All versions), Nucleus ReadyStart V3 (All versions < V2017.02.4), Nucleus Source Code (All versions), TALON TC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), TALON TC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4). When processing a DHCP OFFER message, the DHCP client application does not validate the length of the Vendor option(s), leading to Denial-of-Service conditions. (FSMD-2021-0008)
Last Update
Nov. 17, 2022, 1:09 p.m.
Weakness
Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer (CWE-119)
Summary
A vulnerability has been identified in APOGEE MBC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MBC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE PXC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Compact (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), APOGEE PXC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Modular (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), Capital VSTAR (All versions with enabled Ethernet options), Desigo PXC00-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC00-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC001-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC100-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC12-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC128-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC200-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC36.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC50-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC64-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXM20-E (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Nucleus NET (All versions), Nucleus ReadyStart V3 (All versions < V2017.02.4), Nucleus Source Code (All versions), TALON TC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), TALON TC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4). When processing a DHCP ACK message, the DHCP client application does not validate the length of the Vendor option(s), leading to Denial-of-Service conditions. (FSMD-2021-0013)
Last Update
Nov. 17, 2022, 1:09 p.m.
Weakness
Access of Resource Using Incompatible Type (Type Confusion) (CWE-843)
Summary
A vulnerability has been identified in APOGEE MBC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MBC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (BACnet) (All versions), APOGEE MEC (PPC) (P2 Ethernet) (All versions), APOGEE PXC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Compact (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), APOGEE PXC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), APOGEE PXC Modular (P2 Ethernet) (All versions < V2.8.19), Capital VSTAR (All versions with enabled Ethernet options), Desigo PXC00-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC00-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC001-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC100-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC12-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC128-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC200-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC22.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC36.1-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC50-E.D (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXC64-U (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Desigo PXM20-E (All versions >= V2.3 and < V6.30.016), Nucleus NET (All versions), Nucleus ReadyStart V3 (All versions < V2017.02.4), Nucleus ReadyStart V4 (All versions < V4.1.1), Nucleus Source Code (All versions), PLUSCONTROL 1st Gen (All versions), SIMOTICS CONNECT 400 (All versions < V0.5.0.0), TALON TC Compact (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4), TALON TC Modular (BACnet) (All versions < V3.5.4). ICMP echo packets with fake IP options allow sending ICMP echo reply messages to arbitrary hosts on the network. (FSMD-2021-0004)

Impact

The reported vulnerabilities allow an attacker who has access to the device and is able to exploit the vulnerabilities, to manipulate and disrupt the device. Please consult the CVE entries listed above for more details.

WAGO devices are not affected by CVE-2021-31885.

Vulnerable to all vulnerabilities listed above:

750-829, 750-831/000-00x, 750-852, 750-880/0xx-xxx, 750-881, 750-882, 750-885/0xx-xxx, 750-889, 750-331, 750-352/xxx-xxx

Vulnerable only to CVE-2021-31344, CVE-2021-31346, CVE-2021-31890:

750-823, 750-832/000-00x, 750-862, 750-890/0xx-xxx, 750-891, 750-893, 750-332, 750-362/xxx-xxx, 750-363/xxx-xxx, 750-364/xxx-xxx, 750-365/xxx-xxx

Solution

Remediation

For fieldbus coupler:

  • 750-332
  • 750-362/xxx-xxx
  • 750-363/xxx-xxx
  • 750-364/xxx-xxx
  • 750-365/xxx-xxx

For PLCs:

  • 750-823
  • 750-832/xxx-xxx
  • 750-862
  • 750-890/xxx-xxx
  • 750-891
  • 750-893

We recommend all effected users to update to the firmware version listed below:

Article Number Fixed in Firmware Version Availability
750-823 >=FW10 January 2022
750-832/000-00x >=FW10 After BACnet certification
750-862 >=FW10 January 2022
750-890/xxx-xxx >=FW10 January 2022
750-891 >=FW10 January 2022
750-893 >=FW10 January 2022
750-332 >=FW10 After BACnet certification
750-362/xxx-xxx >=FW10 January 2022
750-363/xxx-xxx >=FW10 January 2022
750-364/xxx-xxx >=FW10 January 2022
750-365/xxx-xxx >=FW10 January 2022

Mitigation

  1. Use general security best practices to protect systems from local and network attacks.
  2. Do not allow direct access to the device from untrusted networks.
  3. Update to the latest firmware according to the table in chapter solutions.
  4. Disable the DHCP, DNS and the FTP port 21.
  5. Industrial control systems (ICS) should not be directly accessible from the Internet, but should be protected by consistently applying the defense-in-depth strategy. The BSI provides general information on securing ICS in the ICS Compendium [BSI2013] and on the official BSI website [BSI2021].

For fieldbus coupler:

  • 750-331
  • 750-352/xxx-xxx

For PLCs:

  • 750-829
  • 750-831/xxx-xxx
  • 750-852
  • 750-880/xxx-xxx
  • 750-881
  • 750-889

The listed fieldbus coupler and PLCs above are based on Nucleus V1 RTOS. At the moment there are no updates for this version available. Due to this reason WAGO recommends according to the recommendations of the BSI to implement the following measures:

1. Enforce segmentation controls and proper network hygiene to reduce the risk of vulnerable devices. Restrict external communication paths and isolate vulnerable devices in zones as a mitigating measure.
2. Ensure DHCP responses from non-authorized servers are blocked or discarded.
3. Monitor network traffic for anomalies and discard invalid packets.
4. Disable or block FTP, DHCP, DNS especially on critical network segments
5. Please check regularly https://cert.vde.com/de/ for an update of this Advisory.

Reported by

These vulnerabilities were reported by

  • Yuval Halaban, Uriel Malin, and Tal Zohar from Medigate
  • Daniel dos Santos, Amine Amri, and Stanislav Dashevskyi from Forescout Technologies

Coordination with WAGO done by CERT@VDE.